2011. The Panguna mine on the Pacific island of Bougainville is one of the largest copper and gold deposits in the world. It’s been almost 10 years since the prospect of reopening the Panguna gold and copper mine was first raised. Seoul has hesitated to tighten restrictions thus far, even as health authorities predict the number of daily cases might top 1,000. Panguna mine in operation, circa 1971 (Photo: Robert Owen Winkler/Wikimedia Commons) Suspending developments in Panguna aligns with those landowners, such as Lynette Ona, Chairwoman of the Bougainville Indigenous Women’s Landowner Association, who believe the mine should stay closed until … Just this month, Bougainville Copper Limited (BCL), former operator of Panguna Copper Mine on Bougainville, … In response, Papua New Guinea (PNG) sent in the military. Click here to subscribe for full access. Some women leaders were adamant that the reopening of Bougainville’s troubled, but lucrative, Panguna copper mine holds the key to future economic development. By Dansi Oerupeu Contrary to authority’s claim of common support, the opposition against the Panguna Mine reopening is more apparent then ever. The anti-mining movement led to a ten-year war in 1989. But it also needs to work towards making domestic industries competitive. With an independence referendum on the horizon, reopening the Panguna mine offers both attractive opportunities and terrible consequences", 22 … I draw upon interview data to discuss tensions within the space of landownership that have intensified as a consequence of the legacies of the conflict. Its main areas of operation are in Western Australia, but in recent years the company has increased its efforts abroad, especially in South America, where it was granted 32 exploration licenses in Ecuador alone. References Healy, J. The conflict cost as many as 15,000 lives and displaced 40,000 of the island’s 200,000 inhabitants. An independent, resource-rich Bougainville would be a valuable ally to China as it seeks to have more influence in the South Pacific. This is, as long as past mistakes are not forgotten. The Panguna mine...was...at the center of a decade-long civil war fought between the Bougainville Revolutionary Army and the Papua New Guinea Defense Force in the 1990s. was invited to U.S. President Donald Trump’s state dinner hosting Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison. Former PNG Prime Minister Sir Michael Somare provided the court with a sworn affidavit stating that it was Rio Tinto calling the shots during the war. for Us. Just $5 a month. In a public presentation to ward councillors and MPs, filmed by a crew from. Bougainville Copper Limited, (BCL) a subsidiary of the British-Australian resources giant Rio Tinto, owned the mine at the time of the conflict and despite extracting around 550,000 tonnes of copper concentrate and 450,000 ounces of gold in its final year of production was forced to close as it appeared the separatists were not going to back down. Former PNG Prime Minister Sir Michael Somare provided the court with a sworn affidavit stating that it was Rio Tinto calling the shots during the war. By Dr Kristian Lasslett*| 19 April 2017. The. Soldiers burned down villages, executed collaborators, and raped with impunity. Bougainville's gold mine sparked a war that killed 20,000 - now it could be reopened. The appearance of such links does not constitute endorsement of the websites they lead to or the information contained therein, over which we exercise no editorial control. The Panguna mine on the Pacific island of Bougainville is one of the largest copper and gold deposits in the world. The mine was also at the center of a decade-long civil war fought between … It’s estimated that Panguna mine still holds around $60 billion worth of copper, gold, and silver. With an independence referendum on the horizon, reopening the Panguna mine offers both attractive opportunities and terrible consequences. BCL supplied helicopters, which were used as gunships, the pilots, troop transportation, fuel and troop barracks.”. In August, 2014, Bougainville paved the way for reopening the mine, with a new mining law that led some to hope the trucks might once again rumble into the pit at Panguna. Authorities fear the reopening of Panguna mine, donated by Rio Tinto in 2016, could open old wounds. With an independence referendum on the horizon, reopening the Panguna mine offers both attractive opportunities and terrible consequences. LOCALS FROM BOUGAINVILLE are keen to correct what they see as pro-mine propaganda regarding the reopening of the Panguna mine, warning against misrepresentation of views and a repeat of the bloody violence of the past. Panguna’s closure was the reason Bougainvilleans waged … Opinion pieces, interviews and blogs from across the business and human rights movement. Jaintong's grandchildren are part of Arawa's booming population and reopening the Panguna mine is seen by many as a controversial choice but a vital one for the economic future. On questions about how women might fare should the referendum usher in a new era of national economic sovereignty, opinions were less optimistic. Panguna landowners accused the company of genocide, citing the company’s support for the blockade of the island by PNG forces. In September, along with several other high-profile Australian business chiefs, Forrest was invited to U.S. President Donald Trump’s state dinner hosting Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison. With an independence referendum on the horizon, reopening the Panguna mine offers both attractive opportunities and terrible consequences", 22 November 2019. About The conflict officially ended nine years later, but Rio Tinto never returned. The Government of PNG followed Rio Tinto’s instructions and carried out its’ requests,” he wrote. It’s estimated that Panguna mine still holds around $60 billion worth of copper, gold, and silver. 1096664 501(c)(3) non-profit organization in USA. Sam Kauona, a former Bougainville Revolutionary Army general, unfurled a large map of Bougainville with Chinese script highlighting proposed bridges, highways, ports, airports, and luxury hotels. eventuate to bring Bougainville closer to reopening the Panguna mine, which is seen by some as crucial for future economic autonomy. What does the US election result mean for anti-money laundering efforts? They are, however, united in their opposition to Momis’ plan for Panguna, which would see the government and Australian mining company, Callabus, set up a new joint company that would be given a monopoly over the island’s mineral wealth. The 2019 Bougainville referendum could see the controversial Panguna mine reopened, offering both attractive opportunities and terrible consequences. Explore the big challenges, opportunities, debates and frameworks for business and human rights. The Panguna reopening was the project that was dubbed to make Bougainville self-reliant and ultimately bring it to independence. affected by the Panguna Mine have joined in condeming the “seemingly shallow” report by NGO Jubilee Australia. When that, too, failed the government hired a U.K.-based private military company to carry out its operations in Bougainville. June 24, 2018. People in Panguna, especially the women folk, who have been subtly crying against the move, are now coming out strongly and using stringent measures to stop any attempt by ABG, PLA or BCL to reopen the mine. Authorities feared the reopening of Panguna, donated by Rio Tinto in 2016, could open old wounds. With an independence referendum on the horizon, reopening the Panguna mine offers both attractive opportunities and terrible consequences. Bougainville: Local leaders want to reopen Panguna Mine but distrust remains for foreign mining companies. Another Mekong dam project threatens to cost the former royal capital its UNESCO World Heritage status. South Korea's government is banking on AI as part of its post-COVID recovery. The Sandline affair, as it came to be known, was eventually leaked in the Australian media – first there was a public outrage, and then came the resignation of then-PNG Prime Minister Julius Chan. Rio Tinto has refused. It essentially paved the way for the nation’s transition to independence from Australia. All military forces have a desired force requirement and a desired “critical mass” to aspire toward. Bougainville Copper's efforts to bring the past-producing Panguna mine back online is again in jeopardy over hasty moves by the Autonomous Bougainville government to make changes to the mining laws. Read more "Will Bougainville Reopen the Panguna Mine? Papua New Guinea is setting up a review into whether the giant Panguna copper mine can be reopened after it was shut down … Rio Tinto has refused. As Bougainville Revolutionary Army leader Francis Ona once said, “Land to us is our lifeline, and we cannot be separated from it.”. The Panguna mine on the Pacific island of Bougainville is one of the largest copper and gold deposits in the world. So, too, has the Australian government. Abstract. “Because of Rio Tinto’s financial influence in PNG, the company controlled the Government. Plans to reopen the mine, which could help fund an independent Bougainville, have stalled due to competing claims over development rights over the long-shuttered Panguna mine. This is, as long as past mistakes are not forgotten. Shareholding. Before the war, the Panguna mine generated more than $1 billion in national tax revenue and accounted for about 45 percent of Papua New Guinea’s total exports, 17 percent of its internal revenue, and 12 percent of its gross domestic product. Another landowner group, the Panguna Development Company, supports the mine’s former operator, BCL, in its bid to return to Panguna — pitting the two groups against one another. Due to the unrest in the area in the years that followed Rio Tinto’s withdrawal, no official investigation has been conducted on the impact the mining operation has had on the surrounding environment. It has also asked Australia, as the former colonial power responsible for authorizing the mine. Bougainville President Dr. John Momis, however, has accused RTG of attempting to bribe his government and of waging a subversive propaganda campaign. The proposed reopening of Panguna has been framed by senior politicians as the only viable solution to Bougainville’s political and economic challenges. In 1988, landowners led by Francis Ona broke into storerooms at the mine, stole explosives, and blew up Panguna’s power lines. Bougainville Copper faces yet another fight to reopen a big PNG mine. Joshua Mcdonald is an award-winning multimedia journalist based in Melbourne, Australia. It was the embossment of a well glossed imprint that was too good to be rejected. This chapter examines the politics surrounding the reopening of the Panguna mine, the avowed objective of the ABG. The unprecedented designation threatens to generate frictions with an important U.S. partner in Southeast Asia. Due to the unrest in the area in the years that followed Rio Tinto’s withdrawal, no official investigation has been conducted on the impact the mining operation has had on the surrounding environment. Page … In January 2018, the autonomous Bougainville government introduced a moratorium on mining at the Panguna mine, which had been at the heart of the secessionist … Will the Biden administration finally end the U.S. presence in Afghanistan? 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